Implicit behavioral mimicry: Investigating the impact of group membership

Yanelia Yabar, Lucy Johnston, Lynden Miles, Victoria Peace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

150 Citations (Scopus)


Two experiments investigated the impact of group membership on non-conscious behavioral mimicry. Female participants viewed videotapes of female confederates who rubbed their faces whilst describing a picture. The extent to which the participant mimicked this face rubbing behavior was assessed from video footage taken using a hidden video-camera. Experiment 1 showed greater mimicry of a member of an in-group than of a member of an out-group. Experiment 2 showed both explicit and implicit liking of a target group to predict the extent of mimicry of a member of that group. There was a positive relationship between implicit liking and mimicry but a negative relationship between explicit liking and mimicry. Results are discussed in terms of processes underlying mimicry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-113
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Nonverbal Behavior
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • inter-group behavior
  • mimicry
  • emotional facial expressions
  • association test
  • attitudes
  • rapport
  • stereotypes
  • affiliation
  • prejudice
  • chameleon
  • self
  • consequences


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