Institutional analysis of actors involved in the governance of innovative contracts for agri-environmental and climate schemes

Claudia Sattler* (Corresponding Author), Rena Barghusen, Birte Bredemeier, Céline Dutilly, Katrin Prager

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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In this study, we used institutional analysis to investigate the design of innovative contracts for agri-environmental and climate schemes. The aim of such contracts is to better incentivize farmers for the provision of environmental public goods in comparison to current ‘mainstream’ contracts. For the analysis, we differentiated four contract types: result-based, collective, land tenure, and value chain contracts. To represent each type in the analysis, we selected 19 case examples from six European countries. Cases were identified through a mix of methods, combining literature review, web search, and expert consultation. After a structured data collection based on Ostrom’s institutional analysis and development (IAD) framework, we focused our analysis on the involved
actors and their roles in contract governance. Our results highlight the great diversity of public, private, and civil actors involved from the local, regional, national or international governance level, each performing one or several critical roles in contract governance. We found that it is highly context-dependent which actors assume certain roles. We also discuss how provision of
environmental public goods through the contracts might potentially be impacted by certain roles and their assignment to specific actors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102668
Number of pages14
JournalGlobal Environmental Change
Early online date28 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023

Bibliographical note

We like to thank all who contributed to the identification of cases and data collection. Here special thanks are due to Sigrid Aubert, Carla Barros Erismann, Sven Defrijn, Lisa Deijl, Jennifer Dodsworth, Cédric Gendre, Johannes Koberstein, Annabelle LePage, Julia Rex, Anne Sallent, Lenny van Bussel, Korneel Verslyppe, and Carleen Weebers. We also like to thank our colleagues Bettina Matzdorf and Boldizsár Megyesi for their feedback on an earlier draft of the manuscript.
The research conducted for this study was financially supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation action ‘Contracts2.0’ funded under grant agreement no. 818190. RB acknowledges support through the project ‘LANDSCAPER’ funded by the Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF).


  • CAP
  • AECS
  • institutional design
  • governance actors
  • governance tasks


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