Interacting effects of receiving social control and social support during smoking cessation

Sibylle Ochsner, Nina Knoll, Gertraud Stadler, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Social control and support have effects on smoking cessation, but are mostly examined separately.

PURPOSE: Interacting effects of social control and support are investigated, hypothesizing synergistic effects.

METHODS: In 99 smokers, received social control and emotional support (both smoking specific) were assessed 2 weeks before a quit date (T1); objectively verified abstinence and self-reported numbers of cigarettes smoked daily were assessed 6 weeks after baseline (T2).

RESULTS: For both outcomes, associations with control (T1) were moderated by support (T1), but beneficial synergistic effects (high control/high support) emerged for few participants only. Effects were mainly driven by constellations of low control/high support associated with more cigarettes smoked daily (T2) and low control/low support linked to higher likelihood of abstinence (T2).

CONCLUSIONS: Different constellations of levels of control and support may be beneficial for quitting smoking. Whereas synergies of high domain-specific control and support may be beneficial, they only rarely occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number1
Early online date12 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

This study was funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (100014_124516). The fourth author’s contribution was supported by a grant from the National Science Centre (NN 106 012240). We would like to thank all students who helped with data collection.


  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Counseling
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Social Control
  • Social Support
  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Young Adult
  • Health-behavior change
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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