International Surrogacy Arrangements: An Urgent Need for Legal Regulation at the International Level

Katarina Trimmings, Paul Reid Beaumont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Recent developments and research in the area of reproductive medicine have resulted in various treatment options becoming available to infertile couples. One of them is the use of a surrogate mother. Over the last two decades, surrogacy has become an increasingly popular method of reproductive technology.

Surrogacy targets the same clientele as its counterpart, adoption. It follows that with an increasingly limited global market for adoption, surrogacy will continue expanding. It is no exaggeration to say that the modern world has already witnessed the development of an extensive international surrogacy market. This market, although initially largely unnoticed, has recently attracted a great deal of interest by the media

. A source of worry, however, is the completely unregulated character of global surrogacy. Addressing this issue, this paper seeks to outline a potential legislative framework for a private international law instrument that could regulate cross-border surrogacy arrangements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-647
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Private International Law
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011


  • Surrogacy
  • Private International Law
  • Hague Convention


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