Invasive fungal infections in the child with chronic granulomatous disease

Adilia Warris*, Stefanie S. V. Henriet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are a major threat for patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) which is an inherited disorder of NADPH oxidase. The absence of a functional NADPH oxidase complex affects the display of an efficient antimicrobial effect as well as a controlled inflammatory response. Invasive aspergillosis caused by either Aspergillus fumigatus or A. nidulans is the most common IFI. Aspergillus nidulans infections seem to display a unique interaction with the CGD host and are seldom reported in other immunocompromised hosts. The occurrence of mucormycosis in the CGD host is mainly noted in the setting of treatment of inflammatory complications with immunosuppressive drugs. Candida infections are infrequently seen and show an age-dependent clinical presentation mainly affecting infants and young children. Furthermore, the child with CGD is susceptible to a wide range of fungal pathogens, indicating the need to determine the causative fungus, often by invasive diagnostic approaches, to guide optimal and rational treatment. Currently, it is becoming more and more clear that the exaggerated inflammatory response to fungal infection in the CGD host is leading in the pathogenesis, and antiinflammatory treatment might become as important as antifungal treatment in this specific host.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Fungal Infection Reports
Issue number1
Early online date10 Jan 2014
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Bibliographical note

Conflict of Interest

A. Warris has received institutional research grants from Gilead and Pfizer.
S.S.V. Henriet declares no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All studies by dr. A. Warris and dr. S.S.H. Henriet involving human subjects were performed after approval by the appropriate Institutional Review Boards if indicated. Informed consent was obtained from all participants.


  • A. fumigatus
  • A. nidulans
  • Aspergillosis
  • Aspergillus
  • Candida
  • Chronic granulomatous disease
  • Fungal infections
  • Fungal pathogenesis
  • Mucormycosis
  • NADPH oxidase


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