Magnesium as Promoter of CO 2 Methanation on Ni-Based USY Zeolites

Maria C. Bacariza, Inês Graça, Suse S. Bebiano, José M. Lopes, Carlos Henriques*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


CO 2 methanation was studied over Ni-Mg-USY zeolite catalysts. Mg was added by incipient wetness impregnation and ion exchange. Whatever the Mg incorporation method used, Mg is able to improve the performance of the Ni-zeolite catalysts. Magnesium impregnation at lower contents (below 2.5%) over a 5%Ni/zeolite leads to an enhancement of the CO 2 conversion into methane of 15% at 350-450 °C, probably due to the induced increase of the Ni particle dispersion, as well as to the possible activation of CO 2 on the defects present on the MgO surface. At higher Mg contents, the stronger interaction between Ni and Mg oxides, leading to the formation of NiO-MgO solid solutions, seems to reduce the reducibility of the Ni species, decreasing the amount of nickel active sites available and thus the catalytic performance. Furthermore, important improvements of the catalytic performance (CO 2 conversion and CH 4 selectivity increased around 20% at 350-450 °C) were also found for the Mg-exchanged 5%Ni/zeolite. The results are comparable to those obtained by impregnation, but lower Mg contents are required. The enhanced activation of CO 2 on Mg 2+ , the more dispersed Ni particles on the support, as well as the enhanced Ni reducibility when compared to the impregnated catalysts can explain the observed results. The beneficial effect of the Mg addition both by impregnation and ion exchange was also observed for samples containing higher amounts of Ni, the best sample remaining stable after 10 h under reaction conditions. Thus, Mg could be an interesting promoter for CO 2 methanation over Ni-zeolite catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9776-9789
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number9
Early online date24 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2017

Bibliographical note

M.C.B. thanks Fundaca̧ o para a Cie ̃ ncia e Tecnologia (FCT) ̂ for her Ph.D. grant (SFRK/BD/52369/2013) and for the financial support of the CQE research group (UID/QUI/00100/2013). The authors thank also CEOPS Project (CO2 - loop for Energy storage and conversion to Organic chemistry through advanced catalytic Processes Systems), which has received funds from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development, and
demonstration under Grant Agreement Number 309984.


  • Catalysts
  • Redox reactions
  • Oxides
  • Magnesium oxide
  • Zeolites


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