Managerial Ability, Earnings Quality and ISIS: Evidence from Iraq

Ameneh Bazrafshan, Naser Makarem, Reza Hesarzadeh, Wafaa SalmanAbbood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose — This study investigates the association between managerial ability and earnings quality in firms listed on the Iraq Stock Exchange and how the emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) influences the association.
Design/methodology/approach — This study uses a sample of firms listed on the Iraq Stock Exchange over the period 2012-2018. Managerial ability is quantified using data envelopment analysis, and earnings quality is measured by earnings restatement, earnings persistence, accruals quality, and earnings response coefficient. Panel regression analysis is used to examine the research hypotheses.
Findings — The findings indicate that managerial ability positively affects earnings quality of Iraqi firms, and that ISIS weakens the relationship between managerial ability and earnings quality. These findings are robust to the alternative measures of managerial ability, as well as to various approaches used to address endogeneity including propensity-score matching and a difference-in-differences analysis.
Originality/value — This study provides insight into the impact of managerial ability on earnings quality in an under-studied emerging market. Furthermore, this study broadens the existing literature about the financial consequences of a modern terrorist group, ISIS.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Emerging Markets
Early online date28 Sept 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Sept 2021


  • managerial ability
  • earnings quality
  • emerging markets
  • Iraq Stock Exchange
  • ISIS


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