Mental Well-being during Stages of COVID-19 Lockdown among pregnant women and new mothers

Gritt Overbeck* (Corresponding Author), Ida Scheel Rasmussen, Volkert Dirk Siersma, Jakob Kragstrup, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Philip Wilson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Pregnancy and early motherhood are sensitive times where epidemic disease outbreaks can affect mental health negatively. Countries and health care systems handled the pandemic and lockdowns differently and knowledge about how the COVID-19 pandemic affected the mental well-being of pregnant women and new mothers is limited and points in different directions.

To investigate symptoms of anxiety and depression in a population of pregnant women and new mothers in various stages of infection pressure and lockdown during the first 15 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Denmark.

The study population was nested an inception cohort of women recruited in their first trimester of pregnancy. Data about mental health of the woman were obtained in relation to pregnancy and child development (first trimester, 8 weeks postpartum and 5 months postpartum), and data were analysed cross-sectionally according to calendar time (periods defined by infection rate and lock-down during the COVID-19 pandemic).

No differences in reported levels of depressive symptoms between the six examined time periods of the pandemic were observed. Specifically, symptoms remained unchanged after the first lock-down. No major changes in anxiety symptoms were observed in relation to increased infection pressure or lockdowns, but a small increase was observed during the second lockdown in women 8 weeks postpartum.

No clear change in mood among pregnant women was seen between during the stages of COVID-19 pandemic in Denmark.
Original languageEnglish
Article number92
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Early online date1 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

The authors would like to thank the funders for their financial support and research assistant Sinead Shahrzad for data management.

This work was supported by TRYGfonden [grant number 125227] and the quality and continuing education committee for general practice in the Capital Region [grant number 19035774].


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Pregnancy
  • CoVID-19
  • cross-sectional


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