Metabolic syndrome unravelling or unravelled?

Angela Sun, Amalia Mayo, Steve Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a composite of risk factors for cardiovascular disease including dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, hypertension and usually associated with obesity. Initially MS was considered a condition of adults but is now recognised as having a prevalence of approximately 3.3% in children. The clinical relevance of MS in children is currently unknown but the morbidity associated with childhood obesity is well-recognised. This review describes the epidemiology of childhood MS, the underlying risk factors, possible developmental mechanisms and gives an overview of the current management of obesity in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-313
Number of pages6
JournalPaediatrics and Child Health (United Kingdom)
Issue number7
Early online date21 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2015

Bibliographical note

The authors would like to thank Dr Craig Oxley for his contributions to this review.


  • Epidemiology
  • Fetal development
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity


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