Mineral requirements of the mother and conceptus

Lorraine Gambling, Harry J. McArdle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Minerals known to be of major importance during pregnancy include calcium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, selenium, and zinc. Deficiencies in these minerals have been associated with complications of pregnancy, childbirth, or fetal development. This chapter considers each, by briefly discussing their physiological roles, and discussing how the symptoms of deficiency overlap. It also discusses the consequences of deficiencies using both animal and human models and considers how these might be best treated, if indeed they can. Mineral deficiencies have varied effects because of the wide range of roles they play. In pregnancy, the effects can be seen in both the mother and her fetus. The mother can suffer from pregnancy induced hypertension, anemia, preeclampsia, labor complications, and death. To meet the increased demand for the essential minerals during pregnancy and lactation, maternal physiology undergoes several alterations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaternal-Fetal Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation
EditorsMichael Symonds, Margaret Ramsay
Place of PublicationCambridge, United Kingdom
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780511674792
ISBN (Print)0521887097 , 978-0521887090
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2010


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