Modelling of groundwater recharge in the megacity of Lagos, Nigeria: preliminary results using WetSpass-M

Oluwaseun Franklin Olabode* (Corresponding Author), Jean-Christophe Comte

*Corresponding author for this work

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Lagos, Nigeria is one of the World's fastest-growing cities. The increasing water demand has led to depletion and deterioration of the groundwater resources contained in its highly productive coastal aquifers. Groundwater recharge processes and drivers, which dictate groundwater replenishment, and their changes associated with rapid urbanization, are yet to be quantified and understood. We used the spatially distributed WetSpass-M model to estimate the spatiotemporal patterns and rates of recharge between 2000 and 2020 in the 5440 km2 coastal aquifer system underlying the megacity of Lagos. The influence of expanding urban areas, from 807 km2 in 2000 to 1183 km2 in 2020, coincide with reduction in the simulated recharge by 50 % in 20 years. The study also revealed diffuse and focused recharge processes associated with, respectively, the urban centres and areas closer to water bodies signalling strong groundwater-surface water interactions. The preliminary findings from this modelling work provide directions for exploring sustainable water management options including Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) in Lagos and other fast-growing coastal megacities in the world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalAdvances in Geosciences (ADGEO)
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

This research has been supported by the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (grant no. TETF/ES/UNIV/ONDO/TSAS/2018).


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