Modelling the strengthening of glass using epoxy based coatings

Tamer El-Sayed*, Russell J. Hand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Glass strength can be increased by applying epoxy based surface coatings. A number of models have been presented in the literature to explain the strengthening afforded by these coatings but until now there has been no clear evidence to definitively support one model over another. In this work, finite element models (FEM) of four-point bending test specimens have been developed. These models have been used to study the strength of cracked uncoated and surface coated specimens in order to identify the strengthening mechanism. The FEM results showed that full filling of the crack using epoxy coating is sufficient to heal the crack if the coating inside the crack is ideally glued to the crack surfaces. It is also shown that under these circumstances the coating modulus is relatively unimportant parameter. FEA results for partially filled cracks show that increasing the filled percentage increases the strengthening. Fractographic analysis of the 10. kg indented and coated samples showed that the fracture surfaces do not follow the median crack symmetric plane and that fracture started from another plane when coated properly, however the fracture surface of these samples still starts from the indentation site. On the other hand, fractographic analysis of the 1. kg indented and properly coated samples showed that the samples failed from their edges which indicate that the crack was overcome. The finite element results show that the diamond imprint resulting from the Vickers indentation play an important role in this type of fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2783-2791
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011


  • Failure analysis
  • FEA
  • Fracture
  • Glass
  • Strength


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