Multi-particle suspension in a laminar flow agitated by a Rushton turbine

Chao Wang, Li Zhang, Zhipeng Li, Zhengming Gao, J J Derksen

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Multi-particle suspension in a laminar stirred tank flow agitated by a standard Rushton turbine was investigated experimentally and numerically. In the experiments, the motion of the particles was measured by two high-speed cameras and was quantitatively analyzed. Two very stable particle patterns were observed. Strong flow is required to break these patterns because their formation hinders the particle lift-off process. The experimental trajectories and vertical velocities of the particles were measured, and highly reproducible results were found. Direct numerical simulations based on the lattice-Boltzmann method and the resolved particle model were performed to fully resolve the motion of the particles and the flow field. The influence of the friction coefficient and the subgrid lubrication force model on particle suspension was evaluated. Except for the random characteristics of particles interaction at the initial lift-off stage, the predicted trajectories and velocities of the particles are in good agreement with the experimental results. The pressure gradient around the particles is a key mechanism for the lift-off process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-842
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Research & Design
Early online date6 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

The financial supports from the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFB0306704) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21676007) are gratefully acknowledged.


  • solid-liquid suspension
  • multiple particles
  • laminar flow
  • lattice-Boltzmann method
  • direct numerical simulation


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