New horizons at L'Anse aux Meadows

Paul M. Ledger*, Linus Girdland-Flink, Véronique Forbes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


The UNESCO World Heritage site of L'Anse aux Meadows (LAM) in northern Newfoundland is the only undisputed site of pre-1492 presence of Europeans in the Americas. In August 2018, we undertook fieldwork at LAMto sample the peat bog 30meast of the Norse ruins for a multiproxy paleoenvironmental assessment of Norse settlement. Instead, we encountered a new cultural horizon. Here we report our fieldwork at this iconic site and a Bayesian analysis of legacy radiocarbon data, which nuance previous conclusions and suggest Norse activity at LAM may have endured for a century. In light of these findings, we reflect on how the cultural horizon, containing nonnative ecofacts, may relate to indigenous or Norse activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15341-15343
Number of pages3
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number31
Early online date15 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2019


  • Bayesian modeling
  • Indigenous
  • Insects
  • Norse
  • Pollen


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