New N-arachidonoylserotonin analogues with potential "dual" mechanism of action against pain

Giorgio Ortar, Maria Grazia Cascio, Luciano De Petrocellis, Enrico Morera, Francesca Rossi, Aniello Schiano-Moriello, Marianna Nalli, Vito De Novellis, David F. Woodward, Sabatino Maione, Vincenzo Di Marzo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


N-Arachidonoylserotonin (AA-5-HT, 1a) is an inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) that acts also as an antagonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid-type 1 (TRPV1) channels and is analgesic in rodents. We modified the chemical structure of 1a with the aim of developing "hybrid" FAAH/TRPV1 blockers more potent than the parent compound or obtaining analogues with single activity at either of the two targets to study the mechanism of the analgesic action of 1a. Thirty-eight AA-5-HT analogues, containing a serotonin "head" bound to a variety of lipophilic moieties via amide, urea, or carbamate functionalities, were synthesized. Unlike 1a, most of the new compounds possessed activity at only one of the two considered targets. The amides 1b and 1c of α- and γ-linolenic acid, however, showed "hybrid" activity similar to 1a. The carbamate 3f (OMDM106), although unable to antagonize TRPV1 receptors, was the most potent FAAH inhibitor in this study (IC50 = 0.5 μM). Compounds 3f and 1m (OMDM129), which exhibited activity at only FAAH or TRPV1, respectively, were 10-fold less potent than 1a at preventing formalin-induced hyperalgesia in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6554-6569
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number26
Early online date21 Nov 2007
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2007


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