Proterozoic limestone in a north British terrane contains a newly recognised occurrence of Nb-REE minerals. The mineralized Loch Shin Limestone is in the Lewisian Complex of the Northern Highlands of Scotland, intruded by alkaline plutons above a Caledonian (∼0.43 Ga) subduction zone. The mineral assemblage includes columbite, calcium niobate minerals, and niobian rutile and also includes W- and Sn-bearing phases. The interval between limestone deposition and mineralization was over a billion years. Other limestones in the Lewisian Complex that were not affected by alkaline plutons are not mineralized by Nb. The occurrence indicates that there may be exploration potential for Nb in limestones mineralized by hydrothermal activity above subduction zones with alkaline intrusions.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy|
|Early online date||29 Mar 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Mar 2021|
This work was supported by the NERC under Grant NE/M010953/1.
Skilled technical support was provided by J. Johnston and J. Bowie. We are very grateful to three reviewers whose comments helped to focus the manuscript. Conceptualization, J.P.; Formal Analysis, J.S., E.H. and J.P.; Investigation, R.M., E.H., J.S. and J.P.; Data Curation, J.S.; Writing, Review & Editing, J.P., E.H. and R.M.; Project Administration, J.P.; Funding Acquisition, J.P.
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- Northern Highlands