Numerical Modelling of Melt Behaviour in the Lower Vessel Head of a Nuclear Reactor

Dimitrios Pavlidis, Jefferson Luis Melo De Almeida Gomes, Zhihua Xie, Christopher C. Pain, Ali Tehrani, Moji Moatamedi, Paul Smith, Allan Jones, Omar Matar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Downloads (Pure)


This paper describes progress on a consistent approach for multi-phase flow modelling with phase-change. Although, the developed methods are general purpose the applications presented here cover the LIVE experiments involving core melt phenomena at the lower vessel head of a nuclear reactor. These include corium pool formation, coolability and solidification. A new method for solving the compositional multi-phase flow equations to calculate material indicator fields is adopted. An interface-capturing scheme based on high-order accurate compressive advection methods including a Petrov-Galerkin approach is employed to maintain sharpness of the interfaces between materials. A novel control volume-finite element mixed formulation based on the P1DG-P2 (linear discontinuous in velocity and quadratic continuous in pressure) element pair which can uniquely ensure that key balances are maintained in the equations is developed to discretise the governing equations in space. Anisotropic mesh adaptivity is used to focus the numerical resolution around the interfaces and other areas of important dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-77
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia IUTAM
Early online date28 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

The authors would like to thank the EPSRC MEMPHIS multi-phase programme grant, the EPSRC Computational modelling for advanced nuclear power plants project and the EU FP7 projects THINS and GoFastR for helping to fund this work.


  • Heat transfer
  • solidification
  • melt pool
  • phase-change


Dive into the research topics of 'Numerical Modelling of Melt Behaviour in the Lower Vessel Head of a Nuclear Reactor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this