Organization of the gene encoding transcriptional repressor deltaEF1 and cross-species conservation of its domains

R Sekido, T Takagi, M Okanami, H Moribe, M Yamamura, Y Higashi, H Kondoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


DeltaEF1 (delta-crystallin/E2-box factor 1) is a widely distributed repressor of transcription which binds at the E2-box sequence, CACCTG. It carries seven zinc fingers (Zf) in two clusters and a homeodomain in the middle as potential DNA-binding domains. We cloned the genomic gene encoding chicken deltaEF1 and analyzed its organization. The gene consisted of nine exons, the N-proximal Zf were encoded by exons 5 through 7, and the C-proximal Zf by exons 8 and 9. Exon 7 also coded for the large middle portion of the protein including the homeodomain. Promoter analysis and RNase-protection assay indicated that the gene is driven by a G+C-rich promoter without a TATA box, and the transcription start points (tsp) cluster around 20 bp from the start codon located in exon 1. cDNA and genomic sequences of the mouse delta EF1 were cloned and compared with the chicken sequence. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence was highly conserved between the chicken and mouse deltaEF1, no only in DNA-binding motifs but also in other blocks (78% overall aa identity). More recently reported DNA-binding proteins, AREB6 (human) ZEB (human) and BZP (hamster), were attributed to homologues of deltaEF1, among which only AREB6 represented full-length sequence. It was also indicated that rodent deltaEF1 lacked exon 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-32
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sept 1996


  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Chickens
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Crystallins
  • DNA
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Transcription Factors


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