Paramilitaries, peace, and politics: Ulster loyalists and the 1994 truce

Steve Bruce*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


1994, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) called a ceasefire and the two loyalist paramilitary organizations (the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Defence Association) reciprocated. This article examines loyalist thinking just prior to and since the ceasefires and considers the prospects for the Progressive Unionist Party and the Ulster Democratic Party, the fringe political parties associated with the loyalist paramilitaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-202
Number of pages16
JournalStudies in Conflict and Terrorism
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995


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