Patient, operative, and surgeon factors that influence the effect of superficial venous surgery on disease-specific quality of life

R. K. MacKenzie, Amanda Jane Lee, A. Paisley, P. Burns, P. L. Allan, C. V. Ruckley, A. W. Bradbury

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67 Citations (Scopus)


Background and objective: Superficial venous surgery for CEAP 2 disease leads to an improvement in disease-specific quality of life (QoL) in the short term. However, which factors influence the magnitude of this improvement, how surgery affects QoL in patients with CEAP 4 to 6 disease, and whether this improvement is durable are not known. The objective of this study was to identify patient, operative, and surgeon factors that might influence the change in disease-specific QoL in the 2 years after superficial venous; surgery.

Methods. This prospective study was comprised of 203 unselected, consecutive patients with CEAP 2 to 6 disease who underwent saphenous with or without subfascial endoscopic perforator surgery and who completed the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Symptoms Severity Score (AVVSSS) before surgery and at 4 weeks, 6 months, and 2 years after surgery. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.

Results. At baseline, recurrent and ulcer (CEAP 5 and 6) diseases were associated with a higher (worse) AVVSSS. Surgery was associated with a significant improvement in median (interquartile range [IQR]) AVVSSS: baseline, 17.8 (11.8 to 27.2); 4 weeks, 13.8 (7.9 to 21.3); 6 months, 9.6 (4.2 to 15.8); and 2 years, 8.1 (4.0 to 14.7). One hundred seventy-five patients (86%) at 6 months and 177 patients (87%) at 2 years reported an improvement in AVVSSS. Postoperative AVVSSS at both 6 months and 2 years was most significantly influenced by preoperative score (P <.0001). After adjustment for baseline AVVSSS, the following factors were identified in multivariate analysis as having a significant and independent positive (+) or negative impact on AVVSSS: at 6 months, (-) recurrent disease (P=.009), (-) CEAP 4 disease (P=.026); and at 2 years, long saphenous surgery (P=.02), (-) CEAP 5 disease (P=.030).

Conclusion: In this unselected series, saphenous surgery with or without subfascial endoscopic perforator surgery led to an improvement in disease-specific QoL in 87% of patients out to 2 years. Although univariate analysis results suggested that many baseline factors might be associated with outcome, multivariate analysis results suggested that only surgery for recurrent disease and for CEA-P 4/5 disease remained as significant negative, and only long saphenous surgery as significant positive, independent prognostic factors. These data provide evidence of the medium-term clinical effectiveness of venous surgery across the full spectrum of CEAP clinical grades, show the importance of multivariate analysis, and reemphasize the importance of minimization of recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)896-902
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002




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