Penetration and perforation of composite sandwich panels by hemispherical and conical projectiles

T. Y. Reddy, H. M. Wen, S. R. Reid, P. D. Soden

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54 Citations (Scopus)


The results of penetration and perforation tests carried out on composite sandwich panels with GRP skins and PVCfoam cores using hemispherical-ended and conicalnosed indenters/projectiles under quasi-static, drop-weight, and ballistic impact conditions, with impact velocities up to 305 m/s, are described. Load-displacement characteristics under quasi-static loading are presented and the ballistic limits as well as perforation energies are determined. A classification of the sandwich panel responses based on the panel thickness-to-projectile diameter ratio is deduced. General empirical formulas that predict the dynamic perforation energies for FRP laminates and composite sandwich panels loaded by hemispherical-ended projectiles are derived. The empirical equations correlate well with available experimental data. It is shown that, to a first approximation, the formulas obtained for hemisphericalended projectiles are also applicable to conical-nosed projectiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-194
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1998


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