Performance of Multiple Pontoons Floating Breakwater - A Numerical Approach

Amer Syed, J. Mani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A floating system consisting of three pontoons equispaced, rigidly interconnected and taut moored to act as a single breakwater is analyzed. The problem is formulated based on the assumptions of irrotational fluid flow, an inviscid fluid, and small incident waves. The breakwater is assumed to be long and uniform in the direction parallel to the incident wave crests. The diffracted and the scattered potentials are obtained from the solution of boundary value problem using Green's identity method. The potentials and hence the free surface oscillations in between the spacing are also determined. The results of parametric study of varying space and drafts of the pontoons have been presented as a function of relative width of breakwater (Ratio of width of the breakwater to the wavelength). It is evident from the results that the spaces between the pontoons have a definite effect on transmission and reflection characteristics of floating breakwater system. As the draft of the floating breakwater increases the bandwidth of incident wave frequencies for which Kt (Ratio of transmitted wave height to incident wave height) is less than 0.2, also increases, thus ensuring a wider spectrum of operation. With the increase in gap form G/Wp=0.5 to G/Wp=1.5 the minimum transmission increases 25%, 27% and 38% for d/h=0.2, d/h=0.4 and d/h=0.6. In addition the paper discusses on forces, oscillations in the interspaces and reflection coefficient.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCivil Engineering in the Oceans VI
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)978-0-7844-0775-2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Bibliographical note

M1 - 0 - DOI:10.1061/40775(182)27
Sixth International Conference on Civil Engineering in the Oceans


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