This paper presents a detailed description of phase-field models of electrodeposition in lithium-anode batteries, along with underlying assumptions and parameters commonly employed. We simulate the coupled electrochemical interactions during a battery charge cycle using finite elements on open-source packages, allowing for parallel computation and time step adaptivity. We compare conventional free energy and grand canonical formulations. We obtain agreement between 1D phase-field simulations and the theoretical Faradic reaction kinetics. We study the mesh-induced errors through spatial convergence analysis. These simulations results set the groundwork for 2D and 3D simulations of dendritic metal electrodeposition in batteries.
This work was supported by the Aberdeen-Curtin Alliance Scholarship. This publication was also made possible in part by the Professorial Chair in Computational Geoscience at Curtin University. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 777778 (MATHROCKS). The Curtin Corrosion Centre and the Curtin Institute for Computation kindly provide ongoing support.
- Phase-field modeling
- Li-metal battery
- Finite element method
- Interface thickness