Photocatalyst efficiencies in concrete technology: the effect of photocatalyst placement

Lu Yang, Amer Hakki, Fazhou Wang, Donald E MacPhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)
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The application of photocatalysts in concrete technology is by now a well-established concept. However, despite the great opportunities for air quality improvements to be derived from the considerable concrete surfaces exposed to the atmosphere, particularly in cities where air quality is greatly affected by
vehicle exhaust and industrial emissions, photocatalytic concretes are still not in mainstream application. With current levels of NOx pollution considerably exceeding EU legislative guidelines in urban centres throughout the industrialised world, it is important to consider what the issues are. The likely barriers to more widespread implementation are likely to include cost effectiveness, which needs to be related to photocatalyst impact, but the challenges in measuring impact on air quality directly are complex. This paper seeks to place photocatalytic efficiencies into context, comparing performances of the conventional photocatalyst dispersion in surface mortar coatings with that of photocatalysts supported on surface exposed aggregates. The nature and impact of catalyst binding to the aggregate is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-208
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Early online date8 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant Ref: EP/M003299/1) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51461135005, No. 51478370) International Joint Research Project (EPSRC-NSFC).


  • Photocatalytic concrete
  • NOx
  • TiO2 utilization
  • Supported catalysis
  • Cement environment


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