Photoinduced Superparamagnetism in Nanostructured a-Fe203

I. Ross Macdonald, Russell F. Howe, Sina Saremi-Yarahmadi, K. G. U. Wijayantha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


This Letter reports a remarkable influence of light on the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline a-Fe203. EPR spectroscopy shows that the a-Fe203 is superparamagnetic, showing an intense narrow EPR signal at room temperature which shifts to a lower field and broadens to be barely detectable at 77 K Or below In situ irradiation of samples held in vacuo at 4 or 77 K with near-UVor visible light causes the appearance of an intense new EPR signal, which decays immediately after the irradiation is stopped. We suggest that the generation of conduction band electrons by irradiation Into the band gap of the a-Fe203 moderates the coupling between the magnetic domains in these nanocrystals This effect is largely suppressed in the presence of adsorbed oxygen, which can scavenge conduction band electrons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2488-2492
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2010


  • Alpha-FE2O3 films
  • Nanoparticles
  • Water
  • Oxide
  • Resonance
  • Electrodes
  • Particles
  • Oxidation
  • Hematite
  • Anatase


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