Power extraction in regular and random waves from an OWC in hybrid wind-wave energy systems

S. Michele*, E. Renzi, C. Perez-Collazo, D. Greaves, G. Iglesias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


A mathematical model is developed to analyse the hydrodynamics of a novel oscillating water column (OWC) in a hybrid wind-wave energy system. The OWC has a coaxial cylindrical structure in which the internal cylinder represents the mono-pile of an offshore wind turbine while the external cylinder has a skirt whose scope is to guide the wave energy flux inside the chamber. This layout is not casual, but consistent with the current approach to harnessing wave energy through hybrid systems. The device shape is rather complex and the boundary value problem is solved by applying the matching-method of eigenfunctions. Within the framework of a linearised theory, we model the turbine damping effects by assuming the airflow to be proportional to the air chamber pressure. Consequently, the velocity potential can be decomposed into radiation and diffraction problems. We study the effects of both skirt and internal radius dimensions on the power extraction efficiency for monochromatic and random waves. We show that the skirt has strong effects on the global behaviour, while the internal cylinder affects the values of the sloshing eigenfrequencies. Finally, we validate the analytical model with laboratory data and show a good agreement between analytical and experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106519
Number of pages13
JournalOcean Engineering
Early online date3 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • Oscillating water column
  • Wave energy
  • Wave–structure interactions


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