Prevalence of Burnout in residents of obstetrics and gynecology: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Yousef Moradi, Hamid Reza Baradaran* (Corresponding Author), Maryam Yazdandoost, Shahla Atrak, Maryam Kashanian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Burnout is currently a major concern among physicians due to their high level of stress at work. There are several reports on various levels of burnout in residency programs due to several predisposing factors. The aim of this systematic review was to estimate a more precise prevalence of burnout among residents of obstetrics and gynecology. Methods: PubMed, Science Direct and Scopus were searched to identify peer-reviewed English language studies published from January 1974 to 2005 reporting burnout among residents of obstetrics and gynecology. The key words used in the search were as follows: Residents, gynecology and obstetrics, professional burnout, depersonalization, distress, anxiety, or emotional exhaustion. Relevant additional articles were identified from the lists of the retrieved articles. Results: We identified 12 studies which met our criteria. A total of 2509 participants were included in this meta-analysis. The overall prevalence rate of burnout on all the three subscales was 44% (95% CI: 30 - 57) in this group of residents. Conclusion: This meta-analysis revealed a high prevalence of burnout syndrome in residents during obstetrics and gynecology residency program. Therefore, it is recommended to consider and address this important issue to develop solutions and interventions which could improve the work condition of the medical residents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Issue number4
Early online date6 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Burnout
  • Gynecology
  • Meta-analysis
  • Obstetrics
  • Residency
  • Systematic review


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