Prolonged activation of human islet cannabinoid receptors in vitro induces adaptation but not dysfunction.

A Vilches-Flores, Z Franklin, AC Hauge-Evans, B Liu, GC Huang, P Choudhary, PM Jones, SJ Persaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Although in vivo studies have implicated endocannabinoids in metabolic dysfunction, little is known about direct, chronic activation of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in human islets. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of prolonged exposure to cannabinoid agonists on human islet gene expression and function.
Methods: Human islets were maintained for 2 and 5 days in the absence or presence of CB1r (ACEA) or CB2r (JWH015) agonists. Gene expression was quantified by RT-PCR, hormone levels by radioimmunoassay and apoptosis by caspase activities.
Results: Human islets express an ECS, with mRNAs encoding the biosynthetic and degrading enzymes NAPE-PLD, FAAH and MAGL being considerably more abundant than DAGLα, an enzyme involved in 2-AG synthesis, or CB1 and CB2 receptor mRNAs. Prolonged activation of CB1r and CB2r altered expression of mRNAs encoding ECS components, but did not have major effects on islet hormone secretion. JWH015 enhanced insulin and glucagon content at 2 days, but had no effect after 5 days. Treatment with ACEA or JWH015 for up to 5 days did not have marked effects on islet viability, as assessed by morphology and caspase activities.
Conclusions: Maintenance of human islets for up to 5 days in the presence of CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists causes modifications in ECS element gene expression, but does not have any major impact on islet function or viability.
General Significance: These data suggest that the metabolic dysfunction associated with over-activation of the ECS in obesity and diabetes in humans is unlikely to be secondary to impaired islet function.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
JournalBBA clinical
Early online date30 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Acknowledgements: We are grateful to the relatives of organ donors for human pancreases for islet isolation. This project was supported by The Novo Nordisk UK Research Foundation; Diabetes UK [BDA: RD07/0003510]; Programa de estancias posdoctorales y sabáticas al extranjero para la consolidación de grupos de investigación 2010–2012, from the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico [#00166231]; and Programa de apoyos para la superación del personal académico PASPA, from the DGAPA-UNAM, Mexico [523.01/1945SFA/2010].


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