Receptor-ligand interactions in fungal infections

Sarah E. Hardison, Gordon D. Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Pattern recognition receptors play a key role in the antifungal immune response by recognizing specific molecules on the surface of fungi and initiating antimicrobial defenses. Fungal cell wall carbohydrates are the primary ligands for these receptors, and include components such as β-glucans and mannan. Important features of pattern recognition receptors in antifungal immunity are their ability to collaborate to drive immune responses that are specific to individual microbes and the differential recognition of fungal morphotypes. In this chapter, we will discuss the classes of pattern recognition receptors known to recognize fungi and modulate cellular responses, including the Toll-like (TLR), C-type lectin (CLR), Nod-like (NLR), scavenger and complement receptors. Although TLRs are the best-described class of pattern recognition receptor with regards to other types of pathogens, CLRs are emerging as the major receptor for the recognition of fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Fungal Pathogens
EditorsOliver Kurzai
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9783642394324
ISBN (Print)9783642394317
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Publication series

NameThe Mycota book series

Bibliographical note

We thank the Wellcome Trust, Wellcome Trust Strategic Award, and the Medical Research Council (UK) for funding.


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