Kees van Deemter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)



A key task of almost any natural language generation (NLG) system is to refer to entities. Linguists and philosophers have a long tradition of theorizing about reference. In the words of the philosopher John Searle,

Any expression which serves to identify any thing, process, event, action, or any other kind of individual or particular I shall call a referring expression. Referring expressions point to particular things; they answer the questions Who?, What?, Which?
(Searle, 1969)
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNatural Language Generation in Interactive Systems
EditorsA Stent, S Bangalore
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9780511844492
ISBN (Print)9781107010024
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014


  • generating referring expressions
  • incremental algorithm
  • constraints


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