Regenerative and frictional chatter in plunge grinding

Yao Yan, Jian Xu*, Marian Wiercigroch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies self-excited vibrations, regenerative and frictional chatters, in a plunge grinding process. In consideration of lateral and torsional workpiece movements, a dynamic model with four degrees of freedom is proposed, which involves state-dependent time delays and Stribeck effect for regenerative and frictional effects, respectively. With this model, by linearising contact angle, regenerative grinding depth, frictional velocity and the state-dependent delays, eigenvalue analysis yields stability diagrams for the grinding, where boundaries for both regenerative and frictional instabilities are determined. Then, near the boundaries, simulations and bifurcation analyses are performed to reveal patterns of chatter onset. Bifurcation diagrams show coexistence of stable grinding and the regenerative chatter near the regenerative boundary, and a sudden switch between the stable and the frictionally unstable on the frictional boundary. Moreover, simulation results also show various dynamical properties in the grinding chatters, such as effect of losing contact and stick-slip motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-307
Number of pages25
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Issue number1
Early online date13 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

Bibliographical note

This research is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11572224 and 11502048 and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant No. ZYGX2015KYQD033.


  • Regenerative and frictional grinding chatters
  • Coulomb Stribeck
  • State-dependent time delay
  • Stick-slip vibration
  • Cutting process
  • Stability analysis
  • Dynamic-model
  • Prediction
  • System


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