Rethinking social change: Does the permanent and transitory effects of electricity and solid fuel use predict health outcome in Africa?

Olatunji Abdul Shobande* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


One of the greatest global challenges of this 21st century is electricity deprivation, which involves extending access to electricity to hundreds of millions of people, while simultaneously trying to improve the quality of life and maintain their good health. Electricity deprivation combined with poor health systems and social circumstances can be a problem as it tends to expose the population to greater health risks. While the opponents of energy use almost never deny that electricity use is necessary for health, instead, they failed to admit that a lack of readily available electricity could mark the difference between life and death. This is because reliable electricity supply is required for basic socioeconomic needs such as home cooking and storage, water supply, lighting and reduction of indoor air pollution that may arise from solid fuel usage. This study examines the permanent and transitory effects of electricity and solid fuel use on health in Africa. The empirical strategy combines the van praag transformation and advanced econometrics based on Mundlak methodology. By using the Mundlak statistical procedure, the study breaks down the permanent and transitory effects of energy use (electricity and solid fuel use) on health. The study also corrects for potential endogeneity problem using the Hausman -Taylor statistical procedure. It further strengthened the analysis by correcting for cross panel correlation using the Feasible GLS methodology. The findings revealed that having access to electricity reduces health risks associated with burning solid fuels in Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122169
Number of pages13
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Issue numberPart B
Early online date15 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Open access via the Elsevier Agreement
I would like to express my profound gratitude to my advisor, Professor Ioannis Theodossiou and Dr. Takahiko Kiso for their help, support, and guidance beyond this project. A big thanks to Professor Bender Keith for providing additional comment towards improving the article. Also, thanks to the Editor and the anonymous reviewer who provided exceptional guidance that greatly improved the structure and content of this article. I especially want to thank the Petroleum Technology Development Fund, for providing research funding for this project. I am glad you did, if not, attempting a PhD program would have been a mere dream not actualised.
This research received external funding from the Petroleum Technology Development Fund: Grant No: PTDF/ED/OPS/1427/18.


  • Social change
  • Energy poverty
  • Mundlak methodology
  • Hausman-Taylor
  • FGLS estimator


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