Safety of cellobiose as a novel food pursuant to regulation (EU) 2015/2283

Dominique Turck, Torsten Bohn, Jacqueline Castenmiller, Stefaan De Henauw, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Alexandre Maciuk, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry J McArdle, Androniki Naska, Carmen Pelaez, Kristina Pentieva, Alfonso Siani, Frank Thies, Sophia Tsabouri, Marco Vinceti, Francesco Cubadda, Thomas Frenzel, Marina Heinonen, Miguel Prieto Maradona, Rosangela MarchelliMonika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Morten Poulsen, Josef Rudolf Schlatter, Henk van Loveren, Océane Albert, Helle Katrine Knutsen, EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA)

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Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on cellobiose as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The NF consists of two glucose monomers linked by a β-(1-4) glucosidic bond. The applicant intends to add the NF to a variety of foods, and to food supplements aimed at the general population 3 years and older. The information provided on the manufacturing process, composition and specifications of the NF is sufficient and does not raise safety concerns. The applicant provided a subchronic toxicological study which did not raise safety concerns. The applicant provided a human dose-escalation study from which the Panel concludes that the consumption of 20 g per day of cellobiose (equivalent to 290 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day in a 70-kg adult) does not raise concern regarding gastrointestinal tolerability. The maximum anticipated daily intake of cellobiose from the proposed uses is below 290 mg/kg bw per day in the target population. Considering the nature, source, compositional characterisation, and production process of the NF, as well as the toxicological data provided, the Panel considers that the NF does not raise safety concerns under the proposed conditions of use.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere07596
Number of pages22
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume20
Issue number11
Early online date9 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Requestor: European Commission

Question number: EFSA-Q-2020-00465

Correspondence: nif@efsa.europa.eu

Keywords

  • novel foods
  • cellobiose
  • food supplement

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