Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 501 (FGE.501): Grill flavour concentrate (vegetable)

Maged Younes, Gabriele Aquilina, Laurence Castle, Karl-Heinz Engel, Paul Fowler, Maria Jose Frutos Fernandez, Peter Fürst, Ursula Gundert-Remy, Rainer Gürtler, Trine Husøy, Peter Moldeus, Agneta Oskarsson, Romina Shah, Ine Waalkens-Berendsen, Detlef Wölfle, Romualdo Benigni, Claudia Bolognesi, Kevin Chipman, Eugenia Cordelli, Gisela DegenDaniel Marzin, Camilla Svendsen, Maria Carfì, Carla Martino, Wim Mennes, EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings (FAF)

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

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The Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to deliver a scientific opinion on the implications for human health of the product Grill flavour concentrate (vegetable) [FL-no: 21.002] in the Flavouring Group Evaluation 501 (FGE.501), according to Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008 and Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The product is derived from heat-treated canola oil and intended to be used as a food flavouring with grilled aroma in a wide variety of food categories. Information on manufacturing and compositional data was considered adequate to show the reproducibility of the production process. The chronic dietary exposure to the substance estimated using the added portions exposure technique (APET) was calculated to be 0.402 and 0.252 mg/person per day for a 60-kg adult and for a 15-kg child, respectively. Based on exposure estimate and the results from the repeated-dose toxicity studies, a sufficient margin of safety could be calculated. However, the Panel noted that for six constituents of the flavouring there is an indication for genotoxicity. Therefore, these six substances have to be further considered. Until these evaluations have been finalised the safety of Grill flavour concentrate (vegetable) cannot be fully assessed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages57
Specialist publicationEFSA Journal
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Bibliographical note

Acknowledgements: The FAF Panel wishes to thank the Working Groups on Flavourigs and on Genotoxicity of the former EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and
Processing Aids (CEF) for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion, in particular Leon Brimer, Gerard Mulder, Mona-Lise Binderup, Francesca Marcon and Pasquale Mosesso. The Panel wishes to thank the hearing experts: Vibe Beltoft and Karin Nørby and EFSA staff: Fabiola Pizzo and Giorgia Vianello for the support provided to this scientific output.


  • FGE.501
  • Grill flavour concentrate (vegetable)
  • other flavouring
  • complex mixture


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