Seasonal affective disorder and social deprivation in Aberdeen

John Eagles, J. E. Andrew, Samantha Mary Wileman, F. L. Howie, Isobel Mary Cameron, Simon Alexander Naji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Unlike non-seasonal depression, there is some evidence that seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is more common among more affluent socioeconomic groups. Methods: In primary care settings in Aberdeen. 4557 subjects had previously completed a Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ). From the subjects' postcodes they were allocated a Carstairs score which placed them in one of seven categories of socioeconomic deprivation. These categories were compared with regard to seasonal pathology from the SPAQ ratings. Results: Complete postcodes and Carstairs scores were established for 3772 (83%) of the 4557 subjects. No statistically significant relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and SPAQ ratings was detected. Limitations: The study population was an affluent one relative to Scotland as a whole which may have reduced the likelihood of a positive finding. The study was conducted 7 years after the census on which postcode deprivation scores were calculated, and changes therein may have occurred. Conclusions: SAD either has no relationship to social deprivation or is associated with affluence and this distinguishes it from non-seasonal depression. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-340
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • seasonal affective disorder
  • psychosocial deprivation
  • socioeconomic factors
  • depressive disorder


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