This study investigates gender differences in cigarette smoking quit attempts in Turkey. Utilizing the Turkish Health Survey of 2016, logistic regression models are estimated for quantification of correlates of cigarette smoking quit attempts at individual level. Empirical findings indicate that women are less likely to attempt quitting smoking in Turkey. Differences in risk factors of quitting attempts between men and women samples are also found. In both men and women in Turkey, the remarkable correlates of smoking quit attempts are use of hand-rolled cigarettes, number of cigarettes consumed per day, start of smoking owing to family issues, being married, self-rated health status, having heart disease, and alcohol use. In Turkish women only, the remarkable risk factors of quitting attempts are age of smoking start, obesity, start of smoking owing to personal problems, and smoking via effects of friends. In Turkish men only, age, education level, household income level, being divorced, having depression, having asthma, and physical activity level are the remarkable correlations with smoking quit attempts.