Spatial Dependence, Housing Submarkets, and House Price Prediction

Steven C. Bourassa, Eva Cantoni, Martin Edward Ralph Hoesli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

168 Citations (Scopus)


This paper compares alternative methods of controlling for the spatial dependence of house prices in a mass appraisal context. Explicit modeling of the error structure is characterized as a relatively fluid approach to defining housing submarkets. This approach allows the relevant submarket to vary from house to house and for transactions involving other dwellings in each submarket to have varying impacts depending on distance. We conclude that—for our Auckland, New Zealand, data—the gains in accuracy from including submarket variables in an ordinary least squares specification are greater than any benefits from using geostatistical or lattice methods. This conclusion is of practical importance, as a hedonic model with submarket dummy variables is substantially easier to implement than spatial statistical methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-160
Number of pages18
JournalThe Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics
Issue number2
Early online date2 Jun 2007
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007


  • spatial dependence
  • hedonic price models
  • geostatistical models
  • lattice models
  • mass appraisal
  • housing submarkets


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