Spousal caregiver confidence and recovery from ambulatory activity limitations in stroke survivors

Gerard J Molloy, Marie Johnston, Derek Johnston, Beth Pollard, Val Morrison, Debbie Bonetti, Sara Joice, Ron MacWalter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study examined whether spousal confidence in care-recipient recovery can predict recovery from activity limitations following stroke and how spousal confidence relates to stroke survivor self-efficacy for recovery. Design: A prospective design was used. Measures were gathered from stroke survivor/spouse dyads at two time points, both postdischarge from the hospital following stroke (N = 109). Main outcome measures: The dependent variable was recovery from ambulatory activity limitations over 6 weeks, as measured by the Functional Limitations Profile. A single spousal confidence item was tailored to an ambulatory behavior that the stroke survivors could not perform at Time 1. Results: Spousal confidence was correlated with ambulation recovery (r = -0.23, p <.05) and stroke survivor self-efficacy for recovery (r =.25, p <.05). Higher spousal confidence was associated with a better recovery and greater stroke survivor self-efficacy for recovery, but not with initial health status or practical support received. Conclusion: The relationship between caregiver confidence, care-recipient self-efficacy for recovery, and recovery outcomes needs further elucidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-290
Number of pages5
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008


  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Caregivers
  • Culture
  • Early Ambulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manuals as Topic
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Support
  • Spouses
  • Stroke


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