The nation-state has been seen a bounded territory in which are a system of government, a political identity, a common culture and language, a national economy and a civil society. The nation-state has also been the basis for civil and political rights and representative democracy and for welfare. According to the principle of national sovereignty, the nation-state recognized so superior authority. This was never more than an ideal type. In recent years functional systems, representation, identities and institutions have rescaled to new levels. Understandings of territory have moved from seeing it as bounded space to a more relational concept, in which territory has multiple meanings. Challenges to state sovereignty have come from above and below. Some of these are about creating new sovereign units but attention has turned to ‘post-sovereigntist’ ideas about divided and shared authority. This provides a new context for self-determination claims but does not point to a definitive outcome. Territory, nationality, statehood and borders remain contested.
|Title of host publication||Changing Borders in Europe|
|Subtitle of host publication||Exploring the Dynamics of Integration, Differentiation and Self-Determination in the European Union|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Jan 2019|