Objective-To report a novel hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) phenotype, with partial steroid responsiveness, caused by a novel dominant mutation in the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene. Most MPZ mutations lead to the HMSN type I phenotype, with recent reports of Dejerine-Sottas, congenital hypomyelination, and HMSN II also ascribed to MPZ mutations, Differing phenotypes may reflect the effect of particular mutations on MPZ structure and adhesivity.
Methods-Clinical, neurophysiological, neuropathological, and molecular genetic analysis of a family presenting with an unusual hereditary neuropathy.
Results-Progressive disabling weakness, with positive sensory phenomena and areflexia, occurred in the proband with raised CSF protein and initial steroid responsiveness. Nerve biopsy in a less severely affected sibling disclosed a demyelinating process with disruption of compacted myelin. The younger generation were so far less severely affected, becoming symptomatic only after 30 years. All affected family members were heterozygous for a novel MPZ mutation (Ile99Thr), in a conserved residue.
Conclusions-This broadens the range of familial neuropathy associated with MPZ mutations to include steroid responsive neuropathy, initially diagnosed as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
- myelin protein P-o
- hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy
- steroid responsive polyneuropathy
- Marie Tooth disease
- inflammatory demylinating polyneuropathy
- neuropathy type III
- Dejerine Sottas
- PO gene
- sensory neuropathy
- hereditary motor
- congenital hypomylination
- peripheral nerves
- mice deficient