Study of H2S Removal Capability from Simulated Biogas by Using Waste-Derived Adsorbent Materials

Hua Lun Zhu, Davide Papurello, Marta Gandiglio, Andrea Lanzini, Isil Akpinar, Paul R. Shearing, George Manos, Dan J.L. Brett, Ye Shui Zhang* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
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Three waste-derived adsorbent materials (wood-derived biochar, sludge-derived activated carbon and activated ash) were pre-activated at the laboratory scale to apply them for the removal of H2S from a biogas stream. The H2S removal capabilities of each material were measured by a mass spectrometer, to detect the H2S concentration after the adsorption in an ambient environment. The activated ash adsorbent has the highest removal capacity at 3.22 mgH2S g −1, while wood-derived biochar has slightly lower H2S removal capability (2.2 gH2S g−1). The physicochemical properties of pristine and spent materials were characterized by the thermogravimetric analyzer, elemental analysis, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and N2 adsorption and desorption. Wood-derived biochar is a highly
porous material that adsorbs H2S by physical adsorption of the mesoporous structure. Activated ash is a non-porous material which adsorbs H2S by the reaction between the alkaline compositions and H2S. This study shows the great potential to apply waste-derived adsorbent materials to purify a biogas stream by removing H2S.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1030
Number of pages13
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding: This work was part of the research activities carried out in the framework of the “European Biofuels Research Infrastructure for Sharing Knowledge 2 (BRISK2)” project under grant agreement 731101 ( and the European Commission is acknowledged for co-funding the work.


  • activated carbon
  • waste
  • adsorption
  • biochar
  • H2S
  • circular economy
  • catalysis


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