Supertropical matrix algebra

Zur Izhakian, Louis Rowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this paper is to develop a general algebraic theory of supertropical matrix algebra, extending [11]. Our main results are as follows:
The tropical determinant (i.e., permanent) is multiplicative when all the determinants involved are tangible.
There exists an adjoint matrix adj(A) such that the matrix A adj(A) behaves much like the identity matrix (times |A|).
Every matrix A is a supertropical root of its Hamilton-Cayley polynomial f A . If these roots are distinct, then A is conjugate (in a certain supertropical sense) to a diagonal matrix.
The tropical determinant of a matrix A is a ghost iff the rows of A are tropically dependent, iff the columns of A are tropically dependent.
Every root of f A is a “supertropical” eigenvalue of A (appropriately defined), and has a tangible supertropical eigenvector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-424
Number of pages42
JournalIsrael Journal of Mathematics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


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