The utilization of biocatalytic oxidations has evolved from the niche applications of the early 21st century to a widely recognized tool for general chemical synthesis. One of the major drawbacks that hinders commercialization is the dependence on expensive nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(P)+) cofactors, and so, their regeneration is essential. Here, we report the design of carbon-supported Pt catalysts that can regenerate NAD(P)+ by proton-driven NAD(P)H oxidation with concurrent hydrogen formation. The carbon support was modified to tune the electronic nature of the Pt nanoparticles, and it was found that the best catalyst for NAD(P)+ regeneration (TOF = 581 h–1) was electron-rich Pt on carbon. Finally, the heterogeneous Pt catalyst was applied in the biocatalytic oxidation of a variety of alcohols catalyzed by different alcohol dehydrogenases. The Pt catalyst exhibited good compatibility with the biocatalytic system. Its NAD(P)+ regeneration function successfully supported biocatalytic conversion from alcohols to corresponding ketone or lactone products. This work provides a promising strategy for chemical synthesis via NAD(P)+-dependent pathways utilizing a cooperative inorganic-enzymatic catalytic system.
This work was supported by the EPSRC New Horizons scheme (EP/V048635/1), Royal Society (ICA\R1\180317), and National Science Foundation Center for Synthetic Organic Electrochemistry (2002158). We are also grateful for support
from the U.K. Catalysis Hub funded by EPSRC grant reference EP/R026645/1.
- NAD(P)+ regeneration
- biocatalytic oxidation
- heterogeneous Pt catalysis