Survey and Excavation at an Iron Age Enclosure Complex on Turin Hill and Environs

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This paper presents the results of a programme of survey and excavation at a complex of five enclosures on Turin Hill in Angus, Scotland. This includes one large bivallate hillfort, an oblong fort and three smaller ringforts. The aim of the investigation was to re-map the surviving archaeological features and clarify the chronology of the sites. Geophysical survey was also undertaken and clarified various aspects of the enclosures on the hill, revealing a dense concentration of features within the interior of the large bivallate hillfort. Small-scale excavation was undertaken with basic chronological information being obtained for four out of five of the enclosures and dating samples from one other ringfort on the same ridge at Rob’s Reed. All the samples produced dates falling in the Iron Age and importantly, despite their location overlooking the rich assemblage of early medieval sculpture at Aberlemno, there is no definitive indication of early medieval activity or settlement at Turin Hill or its immediate environs. Evaluation of the rampart of the large bivallate hillfort produced an Early Iron Age date, and as such, may represent one of the few dated examples from this time period presently known in Scotland.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-114
Number of pages32
JournalProceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2020


  • Hillfort
  • Ringfort
  • Oblong Fort
  • Iron Age
  • Scotland, Excavation
  • Geophysics
  • Photogrammetry


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