Sync or sink? Interpersonal synchrony impacts self-esteem

Joanne Lumsden, Lynden K. Miles, C. Neil Macrae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)


Synchronized behavior has significant social influence both in terms of everyday activities (e.g., walking and talking) as well as via more historical contexts (e.g., cultural rituals). Grounded in the science of coordination dynamics, previous research has revealed that interpersonal synchrony has numerous affiliative and pro-social consequences, such as enhanced rapport, cooperation, and social-cognitive functioning. The current study sought to explore the impact of intentional synchrony versus asynchrony on an individual’s self-esteem and their feelings of social connection with a partner. The results revealed that individuals felt better about themselves following a period of synchronous compared to asynchronous movement, while they also perceived a greater self-other overlap with their partner. These findings not only extend previous research on social connections following interpersonal synchrony, but also provide the first demonstration of an influence on self-evaluations. Overall, it appears that moving in time with others may result in us feeling better about ourselves compared to moving to our own rhythm.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1064
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sept 2014


  • interpersonal synchrony
  • coordination dynamics
  • self-esteem
  • social connection
  • self-other overlap


Dive into the research topics of 'Sync or sink? Interpersonal synchrony impacts self-esteem'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this