Synchronization in complex networks and its application: A survey of recent advances and challenges

Yang Tang, Feng Qian, Huijun Gao, Jurgen Kurths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

243 Citations (Scopus)


Complex networks have, in recent years, brought many innovative impacts to large-scale systems. However, great challenges also come forth due to distinct complex situations and imperative requirements in human life nowadays. This paper attempts to present an overview of recent progress of synchronization of complex dynamical networks and its applications. We focus on robustness of synchronization, controllability and observability of complex networks and synchronization of multiplex networks. Then, we review several applications of synchronization in complex networks, especially in neuroscience and power grids. The present limitations are summarized and future trends are explored and tentatively highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-198
Number of pages15
JournalAnnual Reviews in Control
Issue number2
Early online date18 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

The authors are grateful to the Editor and the anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments. This research is supported by the National 973 Project (2012CB720500), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61203235, 61333012, 61333010, 61273201), the Key Laboratory of Integrated Automation for the Process Industry (Northeastern University), IRTG 1740 (DFG) and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation of Germany.


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