The Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire, patient factors and referral for treatment

A. Staniszewska, A. Tambyraja, E. Afolabi, P. Bachoo, J. Brittenden*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: It has been suggested that the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ) could be used to help inform a patient pathway for referral and treatment of varicose veins. We aimed to determine 1) which patient and vein characteristics affected the AVVQ score, and 2) whether scores differed between those who were and were not offered treatment.

Methods: Patients completed the AVVQ at the clinic prior to being seen. Treatment was offered to patients with symptoms, and duplex detected truncal incompetence by surgeons blinded to the score.

Results: A total of 228 consecutive patients completed the AVVQ: 199 were valid questionnaires. On multivariate analysis, factors associated with a worse quality of life were female gender (p = .034, 3.14 mean unit increase in AVVQ), and bilateral varicose veins (10.25 unit increase, p <.001). For patients with C2 disease, only the presence of bilateral veins was significant. Overall, the AVVQ score was higher in those patients offered treatment than in those who were not (mean 20.3 [SD = 9.9] vs. 17.3 [SD = 10.3], p = .023), which equates to a 2.74 unit increase. This was not significant in patients with C2 disease.

Conclusion: It is unlikely that a threshold AVVQ score could be used to aid referral of patients with C2 disease. The distribution of veins (unilateral vs. bilateral) must be adjusted for when reporting AVVQ scores. (C) 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-718
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Issue number6
Early online date7 Sept 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Bibliographical note

Aleksandra Staniszewska was supported by a stipend from the Aberdeen University Summer Studentship programme.


  • Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire
  • gender
  • CEAP
  • endovenous
  • bilateral
  • randomized clinical-trial
  • quality-of-life
  • endovenous laser-ablation
  • conservative treatment
  • foam sclerotherapy
  • surgery
  • great
  • disease
  • health


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