The COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection Role, Structure and Activities

A. Coustenis, G. Kminek, N. Hedman, E. Ammannito, E. Deshevaya, P.T. Doran, O. Grasset, J. Green, A. Hayes, L. Lei, A. Nakamura, O. Prieto-Ballesteros, F. Raulin, P. Rettberg, P. Sreekumar, S. Tsuneta, M. Viso, M. Zaitsev, M.-P. Zorzano Mier* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The exploration and use of outer space is the province of all humankind. This principle in Article I of the UN Outer Space Treaty guarantees the freedom to explore outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, without discrimination, and to carry out scientific investigations. This freedom, however, comes with a responsibility described in Article IX of the same Treaty. It states that space activities have to be conducted with due regard to the corresponding interests of all other States Parties to the Treaty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-26
Number of pages13
JournalSpace Research Today
Early online date1 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


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