The Environment of Security in Africa: A Threat Multiplier

Manu Lekunze* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter presents the environment as not limited only to the physical environment. It is argued that the environment of security includes the physical environment, the social environment, the institutional frameworks at the state and international levels and the geopolitical framework of global politics. It is further contended that different conditions of the environment of security (climate change, environmental degradation, global warming, melting glaciers, the anarchical international system, national and international institutional frameworks) have the potential to exacerbate the societal, economic and political issues discussed in Chaps. 3, 4 and 5. In effect, the environment of security is not a primary security issue but acts either as a ‘threat multiplier’ (malign environment) or a ‘threat inhibitor’ (a benign environment). This explores the security environment of Africa to make conclusions on its specific character.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInherent and Contemporary Challenges to African Security
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-26925-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-26924-1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameNew Security Challenges
ISSN (Print)2731-0329
ISSN (Electronic)2731-0337

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Author(s).


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