The European Union-United States Cybersecurity Relationship: A Transatlantic Functional Cooperation

Dimitrios Anagnostakis* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Downloads (Pure)


This article explores the European Union (EU)-United States (US) cybersecurity relationship through an international relations perspective focusing on threat perceptions and interests, principles and norms, and institutions. It uses data from publicly available EU and US documents and speeches and from three interviews conducted by the author with EU officials. The main argument of this research is that the transatlantic security relationship is not in a process of rift with regard to cybersecurity; cooperation and coordination continues despite the broader political disagreements that arise from time to time. The EU and the US share common threat perceptions and interests, they converge around a number of cybersecurity principles and norms, and they coordinate their actions in practice. In other words, the EU-US cybersecurity relationship has taken the form of a functional cooperation which aims at safeguarding common interests and avoiding the costs and the vulnerabilities that arise from the EU-US interdependencies in the cyber realm. At the same time, not all policy areas related to cybersecurity have been equally prioritised by the two actors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-261
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Cyber Policy
Issue number2
Early online date22 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

open access via T&F agreement

The author is grateful to the interviewees for sharing their thoughts and insights. The author would also like to thank the anonymous referees for their comments and feedback and the editorial team for their assistance throughout the publication process.


  • transatlantic relations
  • cybersecurity
  • European Union
  • EU-US relations
  • cybercrime


Dive into the research topics of 'The European Union-United States Cybersecurity Relationship: A Transatlantic Functional Cooperation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this